Retinol, we’ve all heard of it but what exactly is it and what does it do? Read on and learn about the anti-ageing wonder ingredient that works to combat nearly all signs of sun damage and skin ageing.
What Is Vitamin A?
Vitamin A is one of the best ingredients to treat signs of aging and sun-damaged skin. Vitamin A is an antioxidant vitamin and may be in the form of retinol, retinyl palmitate, tretinoin, retinoic acid, retinal, retinaldehyde and beta-carotene.
Retinol is the most active and skin-friendly form of Vitamin A and is a derivative of Vitamin A obtained through enzymatic conversion from natural Vitamin A (retinyl palmitate) and retinol. It is one of the best ingredients for rejuvenated skin as it addresses each of the causes, processes and symptoms of aging and sun-damage. Overall, it promotes a smoother, more even skin tone and texture, and is considered the gold standard in anti-aging.
How Retinol Works
Retinol dramatically enhances skin cellular performance and repairs cellular signs of aging. With age, cell reproduction becomes sluggish, resulting in slow, uneven cell renewal and cell turnover. Retinol promotes rapid cell renewal and turnover by helping break down dead skin, and pushing dead cells out faster. This paves the way for newer, plumper skin cells and signals the deeper layers to produce more collagen and elastin to support the “new” skin. In essence, retinol has a resurfacing effect, as it smoothes, firms and evens skin tone.
Retinol can also be considered a skin organizer. Dead skin cells in aging or sun-damaged skin become disorganized, much like piles of bricks after a building demolition. Retinol reorganizes skin cells, as if reconstructing the bricks back into a well-constructed brick wall. Retinol does this by normalizing enzymatic activity, which is needed for healthy cell division (mitosis).
Retinol addresses the collagen loss, dehydration and uneven pigment production that occur with aging and sun overexposure. Collagen loss causes wrinkles and sagging. When retinol comes in, it strengthens and stimulates collagen production, smoothes lines, plumps the skin and repairs sun damage. Dryness and dehydration that occur give skin a tight, flakey look and feel. Retinol restores moisture balance by maintaining hydration and reducing evaporation of water. This improves elasticity and flexibility, plus increases strong and healthy lipids in the membranes.
Additional Benefits of Vitamin A
Aging and sun damage also cause irregular and uneven production of pigment (melanin). Retinol helps melanocytes (responsible for producing pigment) dispose of trapped melanin.
With age skin becomes thinner. Retinol improves the skin density and bolsters the skin barrier by rebuilding the upper layers of the skin (epidermis) with stronger, thicker, healthier cells.
As an antioxidant, retinol neutralizes free radicals that damage the skin and cause aging.
Studies show that Vitamin A can reduce pH levels to help normalize the skin disrupted by factors that cause inflammation and aging; one more way retinol fights aging.
Retinol works optimally within the epidermis, and indirectly benefits the dermis as well to reveal new, smoother, brighter skin.
Vitamin A and Pevonia
Pevonia® uses state-of-the art manufacturing technologies to stabilize retinol, as well as ensure maximum results without the irritation associated with prescription retinoids or retinoic acids. Retinol is in Pevonia’s Timeless Repair Cream, Stem Cells Phyto-Elite® Intensive Cream, lumablanc® Cream and De-Aging Body Balm – Papaya Pineapple.
To counteract the light and air sensitivity of retinol, Pevonia developed their Micro-Retinol® that is a much smaller, more stable form of retinol that is skin-friendly, yet effective. For this form of Vitamin A try Pevonia’s Micro-Retinol® line (Micro-Retinol® Essential Foaming Cleanser, Micro-Retinol® Essential Toner, Micro-Retinol® Essential Serum and Micro-Retinol® Essential Moisturizer).
Retinyl Palmitate is a pre-formed, ester version of Vitamin A that has antioxidant and emollient properties that can be found in the Rejuvenating Dry Skin Cream, Vitaminic Concentrate, Évolutive Eye Cream, Timeless Repair Cream and Timeless Eye Contour.
Beta-carotene, the most important precursor of Vitamin A formation, is another skin- friendly source of Vitamin A. This natural carotenoid consists of two retinyl groups, which support healthy cellular functions, growth and metabolism. It also acts as an emollient, which makes it key for dry, aging skin. Beta-carotene is in the following Pevonia products: Dry Skin Lotion, Combination Skin Cleanser, Micro-Retinol® Essential Foaming Cleanser, Micro-Retinol® Essential Moisturizer, De-Aging Saltmousse – Papaya-Pineapple and De-Aging Body Balm – Papaya-Pineapple.
Schedule one of these professional Pevonia treatments to experience more of the benefits of Vitamin A: Micro-Retinol® Essential Treatment, Rejuvenating Dry Skin Mask, Stem Cells Phyto-Elite® Intensive Mask, or lumafirm® Body Treatment.
Retinol is not to be confused with retinoic acids, retinoids such as Retin-A®, Avita® and Renova®. These dermatologist-prescribed retinoids can cause burning, redness, itching, skin thinning, flaking, even cracking, due to having a different chemical structure than retinol.